Right now Kpop is taking over the world. So then what I hear you ask is the historic starting point for Kpop?
A brief history of K-Pop
The Korean War. Once part of the Japanese empire, Korea fell into the lap of the allies after WW2. The country was divided, literally. A split was drawn down its peninsula dubbed, the 38th parallel with South Korea handed to America and North Korea going to the Soviet Union.
Now as a rule, splitting countries in half and sharing them between two powers with huge ideological differences never goes well. By the s both sides had formed their own rulings, the South under an anti-communist government and the North under the communist dictator, Kim Il Sung. Obviously neither side were happy just having power in their designated area. They wanted all of Korea. That right there is a recipe for disaster!
It was the first military invasion of The Cold War and it had happened on what was essentially US turf. America was both angry and petrified that if the South fell, it could only be a matter of time before communism went global. This powder keg of ideology, policy and fear exploded into one of the most brutal and bloody wars in living memory. Peace negotiations were sporadic but by a stalemate was reached… and 5 million people were dead.
Half of those were civilians. South Korea was a country crippled. Still, the Americans stuck around South Korea after the war and with their ongoing presence came a sudden boom in western ideals. So South Korean entertainers stepped up. And in this uncertain economy, they were more than happy to try out something new for a paid gig.The roots of Korean popular music can be traced all the way back towhen a missionary named Henry Appenzeller began to teach American and British folk songs to schoolchildren, replacing the original English lyrics with Korean ones.
After the Korean peninsula was partitioned into North and South after its liberation from the Japanese inKorea and Western culture first encountered each other, with American popular music filtering into the landscape through the U. It was in this era that the first Korean pop stars appeared, such as:.
A trio consisting of two sisters, Sook-ja and Aija, and their cousin, Minja, The Kim Sisters started their career singing country songs to U.
Add4 were the very first rock band to appear in Korea, soon after Beatlemania started to make inroads globally. Like many other South Korean musicians of the era, Shin honed his chops by performing for U.
After his release two years later, he was banned from public performance, a ban which continued until the assassination of Park Chung-hee by Korean Central Intelligence director Kim Jae-gyu in Dae-soo spent much of his childhood and university years in New York City, where American folk music of the era seeped into his musical experience.
The history of Korean pop since the 90s is largely the story of idol groups, and one of the first was the trio Seo Taiji and Boys. Following in the footsteps of Seo Taiji, H.
After H. S named for members Sea, Eugene, and Shoo was one of the first all-girl Korean pop groups, and they nearly immediately became one of the most successful. The group would disband at the end of their notoriously long contractual obligations inbut they reunited in honour of their 20th anniversary at the end ofwith a new album and reality show in tow.
In the modern era, the manufacture and direction of Korea popular culture is more tightly controlled than ever: the current K-pop landscape is dominated by pop groups that periodically emerge from incubation under the training, management, and absolute total control of the record labels. Comprised of members G-Dragon, T. Notably, breakout members T. More thanthousand Japanese fans have attended their three Japanese tours to date. Five years after its release, the incredibly fun, poppy jam about the trend-crazed residents of the Gangnam district of Seoul remains the enduring piece of South Korean culture that sticks in the brains of the world at large.
Korean pop groups continue to form, release music, disband, and reunite at an incredible rate, and the industry as a whole shows no signs of slowing down. The Big Three and other offshoot labels continue to function more as extreme developmental training centres for their artists than as record labels, and every element of the average Korean pop group continues to be rigidly controlled, promoted and directed. For example: Twice. Nine-member group Twice were drawn from the winners of a reality survival show called Sixteen, in which 16 competitors vied to be a part of a new band.
Every aspect of Twice had been planned since earlyand the administration and planning that went into the act is in no way unusual for groups in the modern K-pop era; in fact, Twice are only one of many idol groups formed from a reality show. You can trace K-Pop's roots as far back asso we did.
It was in this era that the first Korean pop stars appeared, such as: The Kim Sisters.Click on the image to use the interactive timeline. To have any understanding of the significance of contemporary South Korean culture and Kpop music let alone South Korean pop culture, you must understand how the South Korea of today came to be. South Korea has had an incredible journey over the past 60 years. It had been literally burned to the ground in a vicious civil warand now today its a top 15 world economy and Asian pop culture heavyweight.
This economic success is often called the Miracle on the Han River the river which runs through Seoul. Yet this was no miracle—it was the consequences of specific historical events, policies, and actions unique to that place and time. Yet as the timeline above attempts to show, and is possibly the most important question to ask, is at what cost this came to the Korean people. Kpop sprung from new found economic surplus, and thus the ability to develop entertainment and cultural products. Yet, does Kpop serve the needs of the Korean people?
Below I will list the contents of the timeline if you find it to be distracting. Called the Miracle on the Han, the development of a devastated post War Korea to one of the top 15 economies in the world has shocked many.
It should have been impossible they said, and many countries search for the elusive South Korean model. Yet, as we see here this Miracle is no Miracle at all. It has risen from many specific, historical events that cannot be replicated by another state. These are the events and the experiences of the Korean people during development. He has been regarded as a corrupt dictator.
President Yi and landlords opposed the law and it is not properly executed until the Korean War. South Korean infrastructure is destroyed and the newly made south Koreans are left in an existential crisis after decades of Japanese rule and a decade of brutal war. This fundamentally changes Korean social structure by reducing income inequality, which lays the foundation for Korean development. Surplus is not used to invest but is spread out amongst the elite.
This leads to a wave of other protests that contribute to the fall of President Yi. By April 26th Yi has lost US and domestic support and resigns. He flees to Hawaii where he remains in exile until his death. Although credited with leading Korean Development, Chung has more impact on the social structure of Korea with his repressive and highly anticommunist regime.
Park Chung Hee normalizes relations with Japan inwith much Korean public opposition. The Korean economy booms from the export of concrete, fertilizer, and petroleum product exports to Vietnam. The war develops ties with the US and develops the economy, albeit by devastating Vietnam. At the same time South Korea development moves beyond light industry textiles, cement, fertilizer to more profitable heavy industries chemicals, metals, ships.
The government protected South Korean industry from foreign competition, developed public enterprises, and maintained cheap labor. The government pursues anti-labor and anti-farming campaigns. This economic miracle is built on an exploitation of the working class Korean people.
The motives of his assassin and how planned the event are still unclear.Apr 5, American missionary, Reverend Henry Appenzeller started teaching American and British folk music at a school in Korea.
These songs were called 'changga' in Korean, and the original English lyrics were replaced with Korean words. Jan 1, This album contained popular Japanese songs that were translated into Korean. Note: The year is correct, but no available source can give me the correct month or day. Japanese composer, Masao Koga mixed traditional Korean music with gospel music created by American evgnelists introduced in the 's.
In Korea, this would come to be known as 'Trot' and was extremely popular. Modern K-Pop Idols recently released new or 'covered' versions of trot music. Note: No available source can give me the correct month, day or year; only that this genre was founded in the mid's. Matthews requested that the USO be reactivated. According to war historian Paul Edwards, Between andnot a day went by without the USO providing services somewhere in Korea. With the constant playing of Western music, this further helped to shape Korean music.
Note: The year and month is correct, but no available source can give me the correct day. Some Korean performers gain international recognition. Jolson notably was the first to volunteer and traveled to Korea at his own expense.
This helped increase the popularity of Western music in South Korea, and also helped to influence the Korean music during this time. When The Beatles fever reached the shores of Korea, the first local rock bands appeared. The very first is said to be Add4 founded by group leader Shin Jung-hyun. However, Trot still remained popular during this time.It's K-Pop Week! Teen Vogue is exploring the popular music genre with articles that explore its origins, biggest stars, and intricacies.
While we can credit South Korea as the country with many of the obsessions we carry with us every day emotional television dramas, Mukbang videos, and amazing skincare routinesone of its most dominant, effervescent exports is glistening, well-produced pop music.
Hallyucolloquially known as the Korean culture wave, is truly a force to be reckoned with. Ever since the early '90s, K-pop has been slowly refined into nothing less than an art form, and it's become an influential powerhouse over the years. K-pop performers are both ridiculously talented and malleable.
They can excel at a variety of different styles: rap, bubblegum pop, ballads, and rock. While the emergence of "true" K-pop can arguably be traced back to acts that debuted ahead of the '90s, it wasn't until the debut of one particular group that the genre as we know it officially blossomed into existence : the veritable kings of K-pop, Seo Taiji and Boys.
While Korean music was far from flourishing before Seo Taiji and Boys, most of the country's culture was actually influenced by creations from American and Japanese folk music — given the country's roots in both countries.
Following South Korea's lift on travel restrictions for its citizens init soon became much simpler for artists to research and take in musical elements from other cultures and foreign countries. This would eventually result in more ways for artists to experiment in their music — thus paving the way for bands that had "new" sounds to them, i.
Seo Taiji and Boys. The Boys didn't fare very well during their first televised appearance on a talent show inreceiving the lowest rating from the jury, but it didn't matter. Fans had heard enough to propel the outfit to stardom simply based on the song they performed during the show. There's no "official" date on record for the turning point of K-pop, but many credit its origins to Seo Taiji and Boys' tumultuous television debut and the wave of success that followed.
Seo Taiji and Boys melded Western-style pop music with lyrics in Korean that went above and beyond the cultural norms acceptable in popular culture at the time. Much of South Korea's early pop music had distinct American and Japanese influences, and a glut of artists was performing "trot" music, or tunes derived from American and British folk songs with Korean-language lyrics that, for the most part, featured lyrics that spoke out against the country's colonial authorities. Combined with ballads and slower, country-type music, this was basically the status quo of the time.
Seo Taiji and Boys' implementation of hip hop and new jack swing marked a turning point in the genre for their willingness to break tradition. Copycats began streaming in, all borne of the entertainment industry's desire to churn out the Next Big Thing — and what would ultimately be refined into the "idol culture" we know today.
Idol culture is centered around artists with massive, dedicated fanbases, idols are usually trained by entertainment agencies in dance, vocals, and just about every other aspect of performance art.
Their entire image is crafted around pleasing fans and creating relationships with their supporters. There are a litany of strict rules many entertainers must follow as a result of the training they receive, and artists are often subject to lengthy contracts with their management groups.
It can be extremely difficult to be chosen as an idol, and as such, only the best of the best end up succeeding and finally making their debut. Often, idol training begins during performers' teen yearswhen potential artists often attend performing arts high schools and hone their craft as early as possible.
While this is hardly localized to K-pop artists, it was a way to ensure hopefuls had as much training as possible before entering the entertainment agencies that would later help shape them into the stars they were hoping to be.Korean pop, or Kpop as it is more popularly known as, is a huge hit among Korean and international students.
With Korean music getting recognized on the Asian market, as well as at a worldwide level, Kpop is becoming extremely popular among both Korean speaking people and non Koreans. The history of Korean pop music is not very old. Pop music has become quite popular in Korea due to the Western influence of pop music. When we look at the history of the Korean pop music, we find out that the Kpop music radio has indeed played a great role in promoting it and bringing it to the masses.
The Korean youngsters are absolutely in love with their Korean pop music bands and are really proud of the fact that many of them have gained recognition on an international level as well.
The history of Kpop music is quite exciting, although quite short, with the rapid spread of Kpop music radio shaping it. In fact, over a period of only 20 odd years, South Korea itself has evolved from being a poor country, to being a major international player with incredible commodities and technology. With the coming of many great bands like FINKL and Super Junior, many music lovers which are not familiar with the Korean language are also loving the Korean music a lot. Meaning that in a very short period of time, Kpop has in fact become a major export for the country.
Since then, many bands and singers have emerged on the scene, some of which even proved to be world class players. However, Korean TV shows have spread the scene further, with many 'soaps' being a huge hit across Asia and some finding niches in the west. Although many people say that bands like Wonder Girls are actually inspired by the Western girl bands from their make up, to the music that they make, it is in fact that most modern dance music actually has a universal language and style More recently, the crazy dance moves of Psy have sent Kpop truly global.
The dance is fun, silly and lively The routine truly went viral on YouTube, where many uploaded their own variations. The music itself is about the romantic dance that goes on between single guys and girls. It is also a 'tongue in cheek' poke at the very 'classy' upper market party area of Gangnam in Seoul, where previously you would never seen anyone dancing in an off the wall fashion like this.
This song is now on many advertisements, especially on South Korean TV. The words and moves have turned PSY into a world mega star overnight. Suddenly the world wants to know a bit more about South Korea. Thanks to this Gangnam style trend, Kpop has turned a new corner in its history.
The trend and music is spreading, as more people are now seeing what else South Korea has to offer! And having worked there myself, I can say that there is plenty to suite most tastes If you would like to join us on Hubpageslearn lots of new things, and also make some money whilst writing about what you like, click HERE to sign up today … who knows, it may turn into your main income and passion!
Tesol - Full terms available on Brett. Tesol's profile page click the blue link for profile, failure to read the Copyright Contract could be expensive. The act of copying this work means that you accept the full terms of the contract, regardless of whether or not you have read it.
Is it safe to travel to in South Korea? Sign in or sign up and post using a HubPages Network account. Comments are not for promoting your articles or other sites. I love Kpop and I'm really laerning there words just by lesig to the music.
Mostest of my family is Korean but I'm amircan tho. Thanks for reading.Their experimentation with different styles and genres of music and integration of foreign musical elements helped reshape and modernize South Korea's contemporary music scene.
Modern K-pop "idol" culture began with the boy band H. Although K-pop generally refers to South Korean pop music, some consider it to be an all-encompassing genre exhibiting a wide spectrum of musical and visual elements. Management agencies in South Korea offer binding contracts to potential artists, sometimes at a young age. Trainees live together in a regulated environment and spend many hours a day learning music, dance, foreign languages, and other skills in preparation for their debut.
This "robotic" system of training is often criticized by Western media outlets. It has been remarked that there is a "vision of modernization" inherent in Korean pop culture.
A commentator at the University of California, San Diego has said that "contemporary Korean pop culture is built on [ Modern K-pop is marked by its use of English phrases. These Korean-American singers' music has a different style from common Korean music, which attracts the interest of young people. The entertainment companies help to expand K-pop to other parts of the world through a number of different methods.
Singers need to use English since the companies want to occupy markets in the other parts of Asia, which enables them to open the Western market in the end. Most of the K-pop singers learn English because it is a common language in the world of music, but some singers also learn other foreign languages such as Japanese to approach the Japanese market.[2019 MBC 가요대제전:The Live] HISTORY OF K-POP 'Stray Kids X NCT DREAM'
This allows songs and artists to be marketed to a wider audience around the world. However, the use of English has not guaranteed the popularity of K-pop in the North American market. For some commentators, the reason for this is because the genre can be seen as a distilled version of Western music, making it difficult for K-pop to find acceptance in these markets.
Chun's research, even though hybridity appears more and more often in K-pop, and sometimes may even make fans admire K-pop stars more because it is fresh, new and interesting, it is hard to change those who believe in a perfect ideal for pure linguistic.
This means that the original form of language is still difficult to alter. Artist names, song titles, and lyrics have exhibited a significant growth in the usage of English words. No singers in the top fifty charts in had English in their names: people who worked in the Korean music industry viewed using Korean names as standard.
After the financial crisis, the government stopped censoring English lyrics and Korea started to have a boom in English. Since the late s, English usage in singers' names, song titles, and lyrics has grown quickly. Seventeen singers in the top fifty charts used English names inand thirty-one did so in Inforty-one singers used English names among the top fifty songs, but usually three or four singers and groups had more than one or two songs on the chart simultaneously.
Korean names e.
A Brief History of K-pop
Notably, until the early s, musicians with English names would transliterate them into hangulbut now singers would use English names written with the roman alphabet. An example of a Korean song with a large proportion of English lyrics is Kara 's " Jumping ," which was released at the same time in both Korea and Japan to much success. There have been critical responses in South Korea regarding the identity of the genre since its ascendance.